Syria constitutes one of the most important regions of the Middle East, as it occupies the largest part of the western wing of the Fertile Crescent and the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and connects the continents of Asia and Europe.


Historians, researchers and archaeologists consider Syria a center for many of the oldest civilizations on earth and the home of civilization and the alphabet. The important civilizations in history have intersected throughout the Syrian land, which have provided a lot to human civilization thousands of years ago (the various eastern civilizations that existed in the region, the Amorites, Arameans, Phoenicians, Canaanites. , Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Hittites, Byzantines, Romans, Greeks, ancient Syrian kingdoms, Islamic countries).

Archaeologists classify Syria as one of the oldest regions of humanity, human settlement, building cities and the rise of civilizations, the first home for agriculture and animal domestication (the Syrian island), and one of the first areas of civilization, city planning and alphabet, the oldest and most complete alphabet in the ancient world (Ugarit alphabet) the Syrian coast, and a complex of the oldest and most ancient civilizations .

The Kingdom of Abla in northern Syria can be explored one of the oldest “Semitic” civilizations that stretched from the Red Sea in the south to Turkey in the north and east until the Euphrates and flourished in 2500 BC.
The rich discoveries indicate that the Kingdom of Ebla was established in 3000 BC and continued to develop and gradually built its empire to become one of the most important Syrian kingdoms in ancient times. And it formed a strong kingdom linked with commercial and diplomatic relations with its contemporary civilizations in the East and West, and it is estimated that the population of Ebla reached 260,000 people who spoke the Ebla language, which is believed to be one of the oldest Semitic languages, and thousands of numbers and clay tablets have been discovered in one of the largest and oldest Libraries in ancient history that indicated the greatness and boring civilization of Syrian Ebla.
The empire of the Kingdom of Abla faced the ambitions of Sargon of Akkad around 2260 BC and its influence temporarily declined until it was restored by the Amorites and flourished again at the beginning of the second millennium BC and remained until the rise of the Hittites, and arrived from civilization, sophistication, and the organization of civil and commercial life unless any of the civilizations reached it. The ancient and the thousands of numbers and manuscripts discovered in the Kingdom of Abla showed the social and civil relations, laws and properties, their organization, marriage contracts, the inheritance and others, and it is worth noting that the Kingdom of the Kingdom of Abla is the first home of the olive tree and the first olive plant was discovered in it dating back to 2200 B. .


Dozens of ancient cities in Syria dating back to different civilizations and historical periods from these cities: –


Kingdom of Mary







Dora Urbus







We have

Kingdom of Abla

The bar


The Canaanites are the Phoenicians, and the name of the Phoenicians was given by the Greeks to the Canaanites!

Syrian Aramaic kingdoms

Kingdom of Feddan Aram and its capital Harran

Kingdom of Aram, the two rivers between the Euphrates and Khabur

Kingdom of Bit Bakhani with its capital, Guzana, on the Khabur River

The kingdom of Bit Adini and its capital is Tel Barsib in the Syrian island

The Kingdom of Beth Aguchi and its capital Arfad Tal Rifaat, north of Aleppo

Samaal Kingdom in the Amounos Mountains northwest of Syria

The kingdom of Aram is Hama, and its capital is Hama

Kingdom of Aram held in the Golan

Kingdom of Habshur, south of Damascus to the Yarmouk River

The kingdom of Aram, Damascus, and its capital, Damascus


Chronology of Syria’s history

Syria throughout history

Civilizations of ancient Syria and the island 5500 BC. AD – 3000 BC. M

Babylonians (eastern Syria) 3500 BC. AD – 2650 BC. M

Akkadians (east and north) 2250 – 2200 BC. M

The Amorites (Amorites) 2200-1880 BC M

Sumerians (all of Syria) 2130 – 1250 BC. M

Arameans 1800 – 795 BC. M

Assyrians (areas of eastern Syria) 1050-600 BC. M

The Persians 550–332 BC M

Greece 332 – 63 BC. M

The Romans 63 BC. AD – 636 AD

The Rashidun Era 632 – 661 AD

The Umayyad period 661-750 AD

The Ayyubids 750 – 1258 AD

Mamluk 1260 1517 AD

The Ottoman era 1516-1918 AD

The English and the French 1918-1920

The Arab State (King Faisal) 1920-1921 AD

French colonialism 1921-1946

Syrian Independence 1946 (Syrian Arab Republic

Destroy the desert bride


Aleppo Citadel

Optical runway


To you now some Syrian heritage and tools

President Erdogan participates in the funeral of the martyrs of the ill-fated helicopter

The Turkish president will participate in the funeral prayer for the 11 martyrs, after the Friday prayer, in a mosque in Ankara.http://www.shwiesh.com05.03.2021 The Turkish presidency announced that President Recep Tayyip Erdogan will participate in the funeral prayer Friday for the 11 soldiers who were killed in the crash of their helicopter. The Presidential Communication Department…المزيد

The United Nations calls for accountability for the users of chemical weapons in Syria

The Secretary-General’s High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Izumi Nakamitsu, during a session of the UN Security Council on the Syria chemical program 04.03.2021 On Thursday, the United Nations demanded that all chemical weapons users in Syria be held accountable, stressing the importance of unity in the UN Security Council to fulfill this urgent commitment. This…المزيد

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